International Human Rights Day established by the UN General Assembly is celebrated annually around the world on December 10. This celebration is based on an event that took place on this very day in 1948, when the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a global task to which all nations and states must strive. This task requires that every person and every organ of society always, bearing in mind this Declaration, promote respect for rights and freedoms. This should be achieved through education and realization of these rights through national and international measures, both general and effective recognition and implementation of them among the peoples of the member states of the Organization and the peoples of the territories under their jurisdiction.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights clearly states that everyone has the right to all the rights and freedoms defined in the declaration, regardless of various criteria, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other beliefs, national or social origin, property status, position, etc.
It is also specified that no form of distinction should be made on the basis of the political, legal or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs. This means that all individuals have the right to equal access to rights and freedoms, regardless of whether their country is independent, dependent, non-self-governing or limited in its sovereignty.
The theme “Freedom, equality and justice for all”, chosen for the Human Rights Day in 2023, points to the current aspects of the modern development of human rights. In the 75 years since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, significant progress has been made in recognizing and guaranteeing human rights around the world.